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CBD Vs THC: Everything You Need to Know About Them

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CBD and THC are becoming increasingly popular nowadays. That is due to their high therapeutic value. Meanwhile, these two compounds have a close relationship. Therefore, some assume that both have the same impact on the body. But, a comparison of CBD Vs THC will clear these doubts.

CBD and THC are two of many cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant. Moreover, CBD is a non-addictive and safe substance. It is available in the resinous flower of the cannabis. And it exists both in agricultural hemp likewise medical marijuana.

On the other hand, THC is the primary psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. It is the primary agent that causes intoxication. And cannabis is the only plant that contains CBD.

This article covers the differences between CBD and THC. Also, you will know its chemical structure. Likewise, it includes how it works and affects the body and much more.

CBD Vs THC: Chemical Structure

These compounds have the same molecular formula. For example, they contain 21 carbon atoms, two oxygen, and 30 hydrogen atoms. Thus, both have an identical molecular mass of 314.469g/mol.

CBD is a structural isomer of THC. Besides, there’s a slight difference in their atoms’ arrangement. Hence that gives CBD and THC different chemical properties. Of course, that accounts for the differences in their physiological effects on the human body.

Notwithstanding, they combine with receptors to transmit brain signals. In other words, they can influence pain, mood, sleep, and memory.

CBD Vs THC: How Does it Work and Affect the Body?

When THC penetrates your brain, it stimulates the cells. As a result, they will be a dopamine release. Also, it activates your cannabinoid receptors. Hence, it will create an impact on your brain in many ways. Some THC strains give a burst of energy and creativity. While some offer a soft feeling as it gets you high.  

CBD does not intoxicate; hence they use it widely for medicinal purposes. Meanwhile, research shows that it has a specific interaction with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). CB1 and CB2 are the two primary cannabinoid receptors in the ECS. Firstly, CB1 receptors in the brain and play a significant role in memory, sleep, mode, appetite, and more. 

On the other hand, CB2 receptors are in the immune system. Above all, they’re responsible for the anti-inflammatory effects of CBD. It also prevents the natural breakdown of ECS. Further, THC directly affects both receptors, while CBD acts indirectly on them. And, it also boosts the level of ECS in your body.

CBD Vs THC: Medical Benefits of It

Some of the medicinal benefits of THC include:

  • Increase in appetite
  • Pain relief 
  • Decrease in inflammation 
  • Better muscle control 
  • Reduced nausea 
  • Delay in cancer growth 

CBD can work for the following ailments: 

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Depression 
  • Cancer
  • Rheumatoid arthritis 
  • Inflammatory bowel and Crohn’s diseases
  • Cardiovascular diseases 
  • Diabetic complication
  • Insomnia 

CBD Vs THC: Side effects of It

Possible THC’s side effects are:

  • Problems with concentration
  • Dizziness 
  • Vomiting 
  • Drowsiness
  • Balance
  • Memory loss
  • Increase in heart rate
  • Red eyes and dry mouth

The side effects result from the compound’s neuroactive properties. As you already know, neither THC nor CBD is fatal. But, taking high THC doses could cause long term adverse psychiatric effects. Therefore, using THC might increase the risk of some mental sicknesses like schizophrenia.

CBD, even in large doses, is well-tolerated. But, side effects may result from interactions with any drugs you may be taking. However, possible outcomes may include:

  • Nausea 
  • Drowsiness 
  • Upset stomach 
  • Diarrhea
  • Tiredness
  • Low blood pressure 
  • Crankiness 
  • Lightheadedness 

CBD Vs THC: Drug Testing Analysis

A drug test may not show for CBD. That is because it does not have intoxicating properties. And it is not an illegal controlled substance. However, many CBD products contain a trace amount of THC. But, a sufficient amount of THC will show up in a drug test. 

Moreover, hemp contains some levels of THC and CBD. And as such people who’ve used hemp could turn out positive when tested for THC. Someone who smokes high-THC cannabis every day and then stops can still fail a drug test more than a month later. That is because; the human body stores THC in fat cells and burns it into THC-COOH later. Meanwhile, tests can detect THC presence in the body using blood, urine, or hair follicle samples. 

CBD Vs THC: Legality of It

Due to legislation passed at the end of 2018, hemp and its derivative products are legal in the U.S. Therefore, on a federal level, CBD products are currently legal as well. But, marijuana and THC are on the list of controlled substances. So, federal law prohibits them.

Moreover, many states and Washington, D.C., have passed cannabis-related laws. Therefore, medical marijuana with high THC levels is legal there. A licensed physician may need to prescribe cannabis. In short, there’s the legalization of marijuana use for recreational purposes in some states. CBD with less than 0.3% THC is legal in some states. But, if the THC content is more than that, then it is illegal federally.

Final Words

CBD and THC are naturally occurring compounds from the cannabis plant. Meanwhile, they’re isomers. And that explains the difference in their physiological effect in the body. CBD and THC work with the ECS, responsible for sleep, anxiety, appetite, etc. Hence, both possess high medicinal properties to combat various diseases. Also, the major difference between CBD and THC is that CBD does not intoxicate, unlike THC.

Besides, taking marijuana often can cause addiction, which may lead to mental illness. Therefore, no medications are currently available for the treatment of marijuana disorder. However, behavioral support can be useful.

In conclusion, the medicinal properties of CBD can help fight against so many diseases. So, take it in little quantities anytime the need arises.

Source Links

  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/325871
  • https://www.projectcbd.org/cbd-101/what-is-cbd
  • https://www.healthline.com/health/cbd-vs-thc#chemical-structure
  • https://www.analyticalcannabis.com/articles/cbd-vs-thc-what-are-the-main-differences-297486
  • https://wayofleaf.com/education/cbd-vs-thc
  • https://www.healthline.com/health/cbd-vs-thc#medical-benefits
  • https://www.leafly.com/news/cbd/does-cbd-show-up-drug-test
  • http://cbdclinicals.com/cbd-vs-thc/
  • http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/cbd-thc-difference
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